Comparative study on the valorization of Sargassum from the Mexican Caribbean coast and Gulf of California as an ingredient on healthy diets for shrimp farming

Elda M. Melchor-Martínez, Ana G. Reyes, Zoé P. Morreeuw, Elda A. Flores-Contreras, Rafael G. Araújo, Diana Ramírez-Gamboa, Juan Eduardo Sosa-Hernández, Hafiz M.N. Iqbal, Georgia María González-Meza, Alfredo Damiano Bonaccorso, Alberto Peña-Rodríguez*, Roberto Parra-Saldívar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Sargassum biomass is a potential ingredient for aquaculture formulations due to its high nutritional value and availability, as it contains a variety of essential nutrients including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, antioxidants, fiber, and minerals, which are essential for aquatic growing, development and health parameters including digestibility and immune response against diseases. Therefore, in this work, five experimental diets were formulated considering 2.5 % and 5 % levels of inclusion of Sargassum spp. from the Mexican Caribbean coasts (SC), and from the Gulf of California (SG), and one reference diet as a control. The characterization of the raw material and the proximal analysis of the five diets were evaluated according to standard reference methods. A 35-day feeding trial was conducted using juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei showed a shrimp survival rate of 97 ± 6 % (p > 0.05) on SC. Excellent weight gain (WG) performance of SC and SG diets at 2.5 % of inclusion resulted in >10 % WG compared to the control. The specific activity of amylase, lipase, trypsin, and chymotrypsin showed a significant increase by including Sargassum in diets, compared with the reference diet. Incorporating Sargassum at 2.5 % in feed formulations for shrimps showed a great opportunity to use it as an ingredient and improved production yields. The digestion and absorption parameters were represented by the enzymatic activity in which the diets based on Sargassum spp. from the Mexican Caribbean coast (SC) have resulted in the best performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101709
Number of pages12
JournalAquaculture Reports
Volume32
Early online date30 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Diets based on
  • Shrimp feeding
  • Growing parameters
  • Sustainable aquaculture

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative study on the valorization of Sargassum from the Mexican Caribbean coast and Gulf of California as an ingredient on healthy diets for shrimp farming'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this