Compact corrugated feedhorns with high Gaussian coupling efficiency and -60 dB sidelobes

Johannes Erik McKay, Duncan Alexander Robertson, Peter James Speirs, Robert Iain Hunter, Richard John Wylde, Graham Murray Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)


We demonstrate that very high performance, extremely compact, scalar corrugated feedhorns can be designed and constructed by optimizing the excitation and phasing of the HE11, HE12 and HE13 modes near the throat of the horn whilst limiting excitation of higher order modes. We present the design
and measurement of two families of dual-profiled horn, both with a directivity of 20 dBi that couple with very high efficiency to a fundamental Gaussian mode. The first was optimized for sidelobe performance and features sidelobes approaching -60 dB for a horn length of only 15.6λ. The second was designed
to minimize horn length and achieves sidelobe levels below -35 dB for a horn which is only 4.8λ long. The horns exhibit excellent coupling to the fundamental free-space Gaussian mode, with LG00 power coupling of 99.92% and 99.75% respectively. We demonstrate excellent agreement between simulation and
experiment at 94 GHz and simulate the performance over a 20% bandwidth. High performance compact scalar horns are of interest because they reduce manufacturing risk at high frequencies, and reduce size and weight at lower frequencies, which can be important in horn arrays and space applications,
where horn arrays often have serious weight and size restrictions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2518-2522
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number6
Early online date18 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • Horn antennas
  • Gaussian beams
  • Quasi optics


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