Community and society dimensions in the activities of Belgrade Roma organisations in interwar Yugoslavia

Sofiya Zahova

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


On the base of an overview of the formal and informal Roma organisations in interwar Yugoslavia, the paper looks into the entanglement, transformation and adaptation of more “traditional” Romani community practices and the community's civil and national identity development in the context of the general Yugoslav society. These processes are discussed in the context of the emerging Romani nationalism and civil rights movement in Yugoslavia and Southeast Europe. Additionally, they are explored in regards to the larger context of social and political transformations in South Eastern Europe in 19th and early 20th century. Departing from the definition of Elena Marushiakova and Vesselin Popov of Roma as intergroup ethnic community that has always existed in at least in two main dimensions: as a community and as part of the society, the paper looks into how community practices are transformed in the new realities and how, in the social and public space, are intertwined and co-existing practices of importance for both the ethnic (Roma) and national (Serbian, Yugoslavian) identity of the Roma citizens in interwar Yugoslavia. These processes will be contrasted and compared with the developments taking place in the USSR in the same period where large-scale emancipatory activities were taking place.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIV конгресс ангропологов и этнологов России
EditorsIraida V. Nam
Place of PublicationMoskva-Tomsk
PublisherИздательство Томского госудаственного университета
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9785946219969
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2021
EventThe 14th Congress of Anthropologists and Ethnologists of Russia: Anthropology and Ethnology: Responding to Social Challenges - Tomsk, Russian Federation
Duration: 6 Jul 20219 Jul 2021
Conference number: 14


ConferenceThe 14th Congress of Anthropologists and Ethnologists of Russia
Abbreviated titleCAER
Country/TerritoryRussian Federation
Internet address


  • Roma / Gypesies
  • Activism
  • Nationalism
  • Leadership
  • Bibija
  • Interwar Yugoslavia


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