Direct CH4-fueled solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been studied for a few decades, but carbon depositions on the Ni-based anodes are still remained as a major problem. In order to enhance coke tolerances and durability of SOFCs, La2Sn2O7 nano-powders are prepared by co-precipitation. The SOFCs with the different amounts of the La2Sn2O7 nano-powders in the Ni-GDC anodes are tested under dry CH4, and the 0.3 wt.% La2Sn2O7-Ni-GDC (0.3LNG) anodes show the highest cell performances of all anodes. The maximum power density of the cell is approximately 0.55 W cm−2 at 650 °C. The durability of the 0.3LNG cell is significantly enhanced without any carbon formations, showing approximately 0.69 V over 600 h at 0.3 A cm−2, whereas the conventional Ni-GDC cell is stopped only after 90 h. It suggests that the 0.3LNG is a promising anode material to enhance coke-tolerances and durability of direct-methane fuel cells.
- Solid oxide fuel cells