Coherence and interaction in confined room-temperature polariton condensates with Frenkel excitons

Simon Betzold, Marco Dusel, Oleksandr Kyriienko, Christof P. Dietrich, Sebastian Klembt, Jürgen Ohmer, Utz Fischer, Ivan A. Shelykh, Christian Schneider, Sven Höfling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strong light-matter coupling of a photon mode to tightly bound Frenkel excitons in organic materials has emerged as a versatile, room-temperature platform to study nonlinear many-particle physics and bosonic condensation. However, various aspects of the optical response of Frenkel excitons in this regime remained largely unexplored. Here, a hemispheric optical cavity filled with the fluorescent protein mCherry is utilized to address two important questions. First, combining the high quality factor of the microcavity with a well-defined mode structure allows to address whether temporal coherence in such systems can be competitive with their low-temperature counterparts. To this end, a coherence time greater than 150 ps is evidenced via interferometry, which exceeds the polariton lifetime by two orders of magnitude. Second, the narrow linewidth of the device allows to reliably trace the emission energy of the condensate with increasing particle density and thus to establish a fundamental picture which quantitatively explains the core nonlinear processes. It is found that the blueshift of the Frenkel exciton-polaritons is largely dominated by the reduction of the Rabi splitting due to phase space filling effects, which is influenced by the redistribution of polaritons in the system. The highly coherent emission at ambient conditions establishes organics as promising room temperature polariton lasers and the detailed insights on the non-linearity are of great benefit towards implementing nonlinear polaritonic devices, optical switches and lattices based on exciton-polaritons at room temperature.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Photonics
VolumeJust Accepted
Early online date17 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Polariton condensate
  • Organic semiconductor
  • Fluorescent protein
  • Room-temperatute
  • Zero-dimensional
  • Microcavity
  • Strong coupling

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