Co-ethnic marriage versus intermarriage among immigrants and their descendants: a comparison across seven European countries using event-history analysis

Tina Hannemann, Hill Kulu, Leen Rahnu, Allan Puur, Mihaela Hărăguș, Ognjen Obućina, Amparo González Ferrer, Karel Neels, Layla Van den Berg, Ariane Pailhé, Gina Potârcă, Laura Bernardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

BACKGROUND
Immigrants and their descendants often marry a co-ethnic partner despite the abundance of native-born marriage candidates. The prevalence of co-ethnic marriages and intermarriage among migrants is influenced by their integration level and cultural background as much as individual preferences and structural factors.

OBJECTIVE
This paper expands existing literature on intermarriage by analysing first marriages across European countries, distinguishing marriage type (endogamous versus exogamous) and migrant generations (immigrants versus their descendants).

METHODS
Data from seven countries was aggregated using the count-data method and was subsequently pooled and analysed together; first, to estimate unadjusted first marriage rates; second, to calculate marriage risks separately by marriage type; and, finally, to directly compare the risk of exogamous and endogamous marriage.

RESULTS
There are substantial differences in the prevalence of co-ethnic marriage and intermarriage across the migrant groups. Migrants from non-EU countries often show a high prevalence of co-ethnic marriages and a low risk of intermarriage, whereas migrants from neighbouring countries show a relatively high risk of intermarriage.

CONCLUSIONS
Ethnic background and early socialisation have strong impacts on the partner choice of migrants and their descendants. The results suggest a strong influence of minority subcultures for some migrant groups, but also intergenerational adaptation processes for others.
Original languageEnglish
Article number17
Pages (from-to)487-524
JournalDemographic Research
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2018

Keywords

  • Marriage
  • Migrants
  • Second generation
  • Comparative studies
  • Europe

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