Chickadee songs provide hidden clues to singers’ locations

E. Mercado, M.G. Wisniewski, B. Mcintosh, Lauren Guillette, A.H. Hahn, C. Sturdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coordination of actions requires that organisms actively monitor the movements of others. The current study examined acoustic cues within the fee-bee song of chickadees that may provide listening conspecifics with information about the movements of singers. The difference between direct and reverberant acoustic energy present during the second note of the fee-bee song provided clear indications of how far the song had traveled. Preliminary analyses suggest that this distance cue may be robust to variations in the spectra and amplitude of song components,and that the acoustic features of the fee-bee song may facilitate simultaneous comparisons of reverberating fees with directly received bees by listening birds. Comparing coincident reverberation with directly received sounds may be a previously unsuspected way that animals living in reverberant environments can monitor the movements and interactions of conspecifics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-313
JournalAnimal Behavior and Cognition
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • Ranging
  • Distance
  • Spatial hearing
  • Vocalizations
  • Singing
  • Black-capped chickadee
  • Songbird


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