Chaste: Cancer, Heart and Soft Tissue Environment

Fergus R. Cooper, Ruth E. Baker, Miguel O. Bernabeu, Rafel Bordas, Louise Bowler, Alfonso Bueno-Orovio, Helen M. Byrne, Valentina Carapella, Louie Cardone-Noott, Jonathan Cooper, Sara Dutta, Benjamin D. Evans, Alexander G. Fletcher, James A. Grogan, Wenxian Guo, Daniel G. Harvey, Maurice Hendrix, David Kay, Jochen Kursawe, Philip K. MainiBeth McMillan, Gary R. Mirams, James M. Osborne, Pras Pathmanathan, Joe M. Pitt-Francis, Martin Robinson, Blanca Rodriguez, Raymond J. Spiteri, David J. Gavaghan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chaste (Cancer, Heart And Soft Tissue Environment) is an open source simulation package for the numerical solution of mathematical models arising in physiology and biology.

To date, Chaste development has been driven primarily by applications that include continuum modelling of cardiac electrophysiology (‘Cardiac Chaste’), discrete cell-based modelling of soft tissues (‘Cell-based Chaste’), and modelling of ventilation in lungs (‘Lung Chaste’). Cardiac Chaste addresses the need for a high-performance, generic, and verified simulation framewor kfor cardiac electrophysiology that is freely available to the scientific community. Cardiac chaste provides a software package capable of realistic heart simulations that is efficient, rigorously tested, and runs on HPC platforms. Cell-based Chaste addresses the need for efficient and verified implementations of cell-based modelling frameworks, providing a set of extensible tools for simulating biological tissues. Computational modelling, along with live imaging techniques, plays an important role in understanding the processes of tissue growth and repair. A wide range of cell-based modelling frameworks have been developed that have each been successfully applied in a range of biological applications. Cell-based Chaste includes implementations of the cellular automaton model, the cellular Potts model, cell-centre models with cell representations as overlapping spheres or Voronoi tessellations, and the vertex model. Lung Chaste addresses the need for a novel, generic and efficient lung modelling software package that is both tested and verified. It aims to couple biophysically-detailed models of airway mechanics with organ-scale ventilation models in a package that is freely available to the scientific community.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1848
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Open Source Software
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2020


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