Characterizing the cooperativity in H-bonded amino structures

Tanja Van Mourik, Andrew J. Dingley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Density functional theory calculations were used to examine the effect of H-bond cooperativity on the magnitude of the NMR chemical shifts and spin-spin coupling constants in a C-4h-symmetric G-quartet and in structures consisting of six cyanamide monomers. These included two ring structures (a planar C-6h-symmetric structure and a nonplanar S-6-symmetric structure) and two linear chain structures (a fully optimized planar C-s-symmetric chain and a planar chain structure where all intra-and intermolecular parameters were constrained to be identical). The NMR parameters were computed for the G-quartet and cyanamide structures, as well as for shorter fragments derived from these assemblies without reoptimization. In the ring structures and the chain with identical monomers, the intra-and intermolecular geometries of the cyanamides were identical, thereby allowing the study of cooperative effects in the absence of geometry changes. The magnitude of the |(1)J(NH)| coupling, H-1 and 15 NMR chemical shifts of the H-bonding amino N-H group, and the |(h2)J(NH)| H-bond coupling increased, whereas the size of the |(1)J(NH)| Coupling of the non-H-bonded amino N-H bonds of the first amino group in the chain, which are roughly perpendicular to the H-bonding network, decreased in magnitude when H-bonding monomers were progressively added to extending ring or chain structures. These effects are attributed to electron redistribution induced by the presence of the nearby H-bonding guanine or cyanamide molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11350-11358
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume111
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2007

Keywords

  • SPIN COUPLING-CONSTANTS
  • N HYDROGEN-BONDS
  • DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY
  • CENTER-DOT-O=C
  • PROTEIN-FOLDING MODELS
  • CRICK BASE-PAIRS
  • SCALAR COUPLINGS
  • CHEMICAL-SHIFTS
  • AB-INITIO
  • SHIELDING CONSTANTS

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