Characterization of YSr2Fe3O8 − δ as electrode materials for SOFC

Abul Kalam Azad, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

YSr2Fe3O8 (- delta) was prepared by traditional solid state reaction method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, ac impedance, dc conductivity, dilatometry and thermogravimetric analysis for possible use in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). YSr2Fe3O8 (- delta) crystallizes with tetragonal symmetry in the space group P4/mmm and found to be stable at high temperatures under H-2 and air. Four probe dc electrical conductivity measurements show that the conductivity increases up to 745 K and then decreases with temperature; the highest conductivity sigma(745K) = 43.5 S cm(-1). The n-type conductivity at low oxygen partial pressure (pO(2)) changes to p-type at high pO(2). Polarization behavior was investigated measuring the ac impedance response in symmetrical cell arrangements in air with YSZ and GDC electrolytes. Cathodic area specific resistance (ASR) varies with firing temperature. The lowest area specific resistance was observed with a GDC electrolyte fired at 1000 degrees C. In case of YSZ, ASR increases and in case of GDC, ASR decreases in air when electrode firing temperature decreases. At 800 degrees C ASRs are 0.20 Omega cm(2) and 0.65 Omega cm(2) with GDC and YSZ electrolytes, respectively, in air. Fuel cell measurements with symmetrical electrodes were performed using a thin YSZ electrolyte under H-2 at anode and air at cathode, show that the power density is about 0.035 W/cm(2) at 900 degrees C. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-228
Number of pages4
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume192
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Solid oxide fuel cells
  • Electrode materials
  • Impedance measurements
  • Conductivity

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