Characterisation and mapping of a Globodera pallida resistance derived from the wild potato species Solanum spegazzinii

Ulrike Gartner, Miles R. Armstrong, Sanjeev K. Sharma, John T. Jones, Vivian C. Blok, Ingo Hein*, Glenn J. Bryan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The potato cyst nematodes (PCN) Globodera pallida and Globodera rostochiensis are economically important potato pests in almost all regions where potato is grown. One important management strategy involves deployment through introgression breeding into modern cultivars of new sources of naturally occurring resistance from wild potato species. We describe a new source of resistance to G. pallida from wild potato germplasm. The diploid species Solanum spegazzinii Bitter accession CPC 7195 shows resistance to G. pallida pathotypes Pa1 and Pa2/3. A cross and first backcross of S. spegazzinii with Solanum tuberosum Group Phureja cultivar Mayan Gold were performed, and the level of resistance to G. pallida Pa2/3 was determined in progeny clones. Bulk-segregant analysis (BSA) using generic mapping enrichment sequencing (GenSeq) and genotyping-by-sequencing were performed to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are genetically linked to the resistance, using S. tuberosum Group Phureja clone DM1-3 516 R44 as a reference genome. These SNPs were converted into allele-specific PCR assays, and the resistance was mapped to an interval of roughly 118 kb on chromosome VI. This newly identified resistance, which we call Gpa VIlspg, can be used in future efforts to produce modern cultivars with enhanced and broad-spectrum resistances to the major pests and pathogens of potato.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume137
Issue number5
Early online date16 Apr 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Apr 2024

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