CAVITY, Calar Alto Void Integral-field Treasury surveY and project extension

I. Pérez, S. Verley, L. Sánchez-Menguiano, T. Ruiz-Lara, R. García-Benito, S. Duarte Puertas, A. Jiménez, J. Domínguez-Gómez, D. Espada, R. F. Peletier, J. Román, M. I. Rodríguez, P. Sánchez Alarcón, M. Argudo-Fernández, G. Torres-Ríos, B. Bidaran, M. Alcázar-Laynez, R. van de Weygaert, U. Lisenfeld, A. ZuritaE. Florido, J. M. van der Hulst, G. Blázquez-Calero, P. Villalba-González, I. del Moral-Castro, A. Lugo-Aranda, D. Walo-Martín, A. Conrado, R. González Delgado, J. Falcón-Barroso, A. Ferré-Mateu, M. Hernández-Sánchez, P. Awad, K. Kreckel, H. Courtois, R. Espada-Miura, M. Relaño, L. Galbany, P. Sánchez-Blázquez, E. Pérez-Montero, M. Sánchez-Portal, A. Bongiovanni, S. Planelles, V. Quilis, M. Aubert, D. Guinet, D. Pomaréde, A. M. Weijmans, M. A. Raj, M. A. Aragón-Calvo, M. Azzaro, G. Bergond, M. Blazek, S. Cikota, A. Fernández-Martín, A. Gardini, A. Guijarro, I. Hermelo, J. I. Vico Linares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have learnt in the last decades that the majority of galaxies belong to high density regions interconnected in a sponge-like fashion. This large-scale structure is characterised by clusters, filaments, walls, where most galaxies concentrate, but also under-dense regions, called voids. The void regions and the galaxies within represent an ideal place for the study of galaxy formation and evolution as they are largely unaffected by the complex physical processes that transform galaxies in high-density environments. These void galaxies can hold the key as well to answer current challenges to the $\Lambda$CDM paradigm. The Calar Alto Void Integral-field Treasury surveY (CAVITY) is a Legacy project approved by the Calar Alto Observatory to obtain spatially resolved spectroscopic information of $\sim300$ void galaxies in the Local Universe (0.005 < z < 0.050) covering from -17.0 to -21.5 in $\rm r$ band absolute magnitude. It officially started in January 2021 and has been awarded 110 useful dark observing nights at the 3.5 m telescope using the PMAS spectrograph. Complementary follow-up projects including deep optical imaging, integrated, as well as resolved CO data, and integrated HI spectra, have joint the PMAS observations and naturally complete the scientific aim of characterising galaxies in cosmic voids. The extension data has been denominated CAVITY+. The data will be available to the whole community in different data releases, the first of which is planned for July 2024, and it will provide the community with PMAS data cubes for around 100 void galaxies through a user friendly, and well documented, database platform. We present here the survey, sample selection, data reduction, quality control schemes, science goals, and some examples of the scientific power of the CAVITY and CAVITY+ data.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 May 2024


  • Surveys
  • Large-scale structure of the universe
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Techniques: imaging spectroscopy


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