Cascaded emission of single photons from the biexciton in monolayered WSe2

Yu-Ming He, Oliver Iff, Vasilij Baumann, Marcelo Davanco, Kartik Srinivasan, Sven Höfling, Christian Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenide materials emerged as a new material class to study excitonic effects in solid state, as they benefit from enormous Coulomb correlations between electrons and holes. Especially in WSe2, sharp emission features have been observed at cryogenic temperatures, which act as single photon sources. Tight exciton localization has been assumed to induce an anharmonic excitation spectrum; however, the evidence of the hypothesis, namely the demonstration of a localized biexciton, is elusive. Here we unambiguously demonstrate the existence of a localized biexciton in a monolayer of WSe2, which triggers an emission cascade of single photons. The biexciton is identified by its time-resolved photoluminescence, superlinearity and distinct polarization in micro-photoluminescence experiments. We evidence the cascaded nature of the emission process in a cross-correlation experiment, which yields a strong bunching behaviour. Our work paves the way to a new generation of quantum optics experiments with two-dimensional semiconductors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13409
Number of pages6
JournalNature Communications
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2016

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