Caricaturing facial expressions

AJ Calder, D Rowland, AW Young, I Nimmo-Smith, J Keane, David Ian Perrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The physical differences between facial expressions (e.g. fear) and a reference norm (e.g. a neutral expression) were altered to produce photographic-quality caricatures. In Experiment 1, participants rated caricatures of fear, happiness and sadness for their intensity of these three emotions; a second group of participants rated how 'face-like' the caricatures appeared. With increasing levels of exaggeration the caricatures were rated as more emotionally intense, but less 'face-like'. Experiment 2 demonstrated a similar relationship between emotional intensity and level of caricature for six different facial expressions. Experiments 3 and 4 compared intensity ratings of facial expression caricatures prepared relative to a selection of reference norms - a neutral expression, an average expression, or a different facial expression (e,g, anger caricatured relative to fear). Each norm produced a linear relationship between caricature and rated intensity of emotion; this finding is inconsistent with two-dimensional models of the perceptual representation of facial expression, An exemplar-based multidimensional model is proposed as an alternative account. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-146
Number of pages42
JournalCognition
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2000

Keywords

  • facial expressions
  • caricatures
  • circumplex model
  • CATEGORICAL PERCEPTION
  • VISUAL INFORMATION
  • HUMAN AMYGDALA
  • EMOTION
  • FACES
  • DISTINCTIVENESS
  • RECOGNITION
  • SIMILARITY
  • DISGUST
  • SHAPE

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