In order to understand various solar phenomena controlled by the magnetic field, such as X-ray bright points, flares and prominence eruptions, the structure of the coronal magnetic field must be known. This requires a precise extrapolation of the photospheric magnetic field. Presently, only potential or linear force-free field approximations can be used easily. A more realistic modelling of the field is still an active research area because of well-known difficulties related to the nonlinear mixed elliptic-hyperbolic nature of the equations. An additional difficulty arises due to the complexity of the magnetic field structure which is caused by a discrete partition of the photospheric magnetic field. This complexity is not limited to magnetic regions having magnetic nulls (and so separatrices) but also occurs in those containing thin elongated volumes (called Quasi-Separatrix Layers) where the photospheric field-line linkage changes rapidly. There is a wide range for the thickness of such layers, which is determined by the character (bipolar or quadrupolar) of the magnetic region, by the sizes of the photospheric field concentrations and by the intensity of the electric currents. The aim of this paper is to analyse the recent nonlinear force-free held extrapolation techniques for complex coronal magnetic fields.
|Number of pages
|Published - Aug 1997
- SOLAR ACTIVE REGIONS
- 3-COMPONENT BOUNDARY-CONDITIONS