Calcium isotopes in the global biogeochemical Ca cycle: Implications for development of a Ca isotope proxy

Matthew S. Fantle*, Edward T. Tipper

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    168 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    At the Earth's surface, calcium (Ca) is a critical element at a variety of scales: it is soluble in natural waters, a biological nutrient, and a major constituent of the dominant mineral sink for carbon in the ocean (CaCO3). There is a 4%0 variation in the Ca isotopic composition (44CarmCa expressed as Oita) of various Ca reservoirs on Earth, suggesting Ca isotopes as a promising tracer of Ca cycling in both the present and the past. Fifteen years of high precision Ca isotope measurements has revealed much about the behavior of Ca isotopes in the Earth surface environment, but there remain fundamental questions concerning how Ca isotopes are used to elucidate the marine and terrestrial Ca cycles. The current work presents a data compilation of over 70 published Ca isotope studies, totaling over 2600 measurements presented on a common delta scale, that includes data on rivers and groundwater, dust, soils and soil pore fluids, vegetation, rainwater, silicate minerals/rocks, and authigenic marine minerals (carbonates, sulfates, and phosphates, both modem and ancient).

    The data compilation suggests that: (1) there is a significant difference between carbonate (0.60%0) and silicate 644Ca (0.94%0); (2) riverine 644Ca (0.88%0) does not simply reflect the compiled carbonate 644Ca; and (3) terrestrial vegetation exhibits the largest range of Ca isotopic compositions -3.5%0 in the terrestrial setting. We discuss these observations in the context of the global Ca cycle, exploring the extent to which seawater 644Ca variability is feasible and how we can achieve accurate reconstructions of seawater 644Ca over geologic time scales.

    The current study presents simple mass balance models that quantify the leverage of inputs to change the Ca isotopic composition of the ocean, as this directly impacts the manner in which Ca isotopes are interpreted. Although Ca fractionates isotopically in the modem system during continental cycling, the 644Ca range of riverine inputs to the ocean is considerably smaller than the variability observed in putative seawater proxies such as nannofossil ooze and marine barite. In the terrestrial realm, plants exhibit a wide 644Ca range and there is evidence that Ca fluxes via biomass degradation are significant at the catchment scale. We therefore assess the ability of the continental biosphere to influence riverine, and consequently seawater, 544Ca. A steady state biosphere has little leverage to alter riverine 644Ca, except in cases where the 644Ca of the recycling flux is isotopically distinct from the 644Ca of the uptake flux. A non-steady state biosphere can substantially impact both soil and riverine 644Ca, driving exchangeable Ca either heavier or lighter depending on the magnitude of the recycling flux relative to the uptake flux. Based on estimates of the size of the global biosphere (-1.5 10' mol Ca), we suggest a decaying biosphere has the potential to impact riverine 644Ca by tenths of a perrnil over time scales

    In the marine realm, we evaluate the effect of a variable fractionation factor accompanying global removal of Ca from the ocean on seawater 644Ca and suggest methods by which such a mechanism can be recognized in the rock record. Experimental data suggest that there is considerable leverage (

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)148-177
    Number of pages30
    JournalEarth Science Reviews
    Volume129
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

    Keywords

    • Calcium
    • Stable calcium isotopes
    • Global Ca cycle
    • Chemical weathering
    • Geochemical proxy
    • MC-ICP-MS
    • IONIZATION MASS-SPECTROMETRY
    • ION-EXCHANGE CHROMATOGRAPHY
    • HIGH-PRECISION MEASUREMENT
    • ANCIENT MARINE CARBONATES
    • BASE-POOR FOREST
    • PLANKTONIC-FORAMINIFERA
    • PORE-FLUID
    • EXPERIMENTAL IDENTIFICATION
    • CA-44/CA-40 FRACTIONATION

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