CaCu3Ti4O12: One-step internal barrier layer capacitor

DC Sinclair, TB Adams, Finlay D Morrison, AR West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1545 Citations (Scopus)


There has been much recent interest in a so-called "giant-dielectric phenomenon" displayed by an unusual cubic perovskite-type material, CaCu3Ti4O12; however, the origin of the high permittivity has been unclear [M. A. Subramanian, L. Dong, N. Duan, B. A. Reisner, and A. W. Sleight, J. Solid State Chem. 151, 323 (2000); C. C. Homes, T. Vogt, S. M. Shapiro, S. Wakimoto, and A. P. Ramirez, Science 293, 673 (2001); A. P. Ramirez, M. A. Subramanian, M. Gardel, G. Blumberg, D. Li, T. Vogt, and S. M. Shapiro, Solid State Commun. 115, 217 (2000)]. Impedance spectroscopy on CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics demonstrates that they are electrically heterogeneous and consist of semiconducting grains with insulating grain boundaries. The giant-dielectric phenomenon is therefore attributed to a grain boundary (internal) barrier layer capacitance (IBLC) instead of an intrinsic property associated with the crystal structure. This barrier layer electrical microstructure with effective permittivity values in excess of 10 000 can be fabricated by single-step processing in air at similar to1100 degreesC. CaCu3Ti4O12 is an attractive option to the currently used BaTiO3-based materials which require complex, multistage processing routes to produce IBLCs of similar capacity. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2153-2155
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2002




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