Butterbur, a herbal remedy, attenuates adenosine monophosphate induced nasal responsiveness in seasonal allergic rhinitis

D K C Lee, I J Carstairs, K Haggart, C M Jackson, G P Currie, B J Lipworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Butterbur (BB) or Petasites hybridus , a herbal remedy, exhibits in vitro inhibition of cysteinyl leukotriene biosynthesis. However, no placebo-controlled studies have been performed to evaluate the effectiveness of BB on objective outcomes such as nasal provocation testing in seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR).

Methods Twenty patients with grass-pollen-sensitized SAR were randomized in a double-blind, cross-over manner to receive for 2 weeks either BB 50 mg twice daily or placebo (PL) twice daily during the grass pollen season. Nasal adenosine monophosphate (AMP) challenge (the primary outcome) was administered as a single 400 mg/mL dose after each randomized treatment.

Results Spontaneous recovery following AMP challenge (area under the response time profile curve as %.min+/-SEM) was significantly attenuated (P = 0.028) with BB (584+/-289) compared to PL (1438+/-240); mean difference: 854 (95% CI 95-1614), and the maximum % peak nasal inspiratory flow reduction from baseline following AMP challenge was significantly blunted (P = 0.036) with BB (30+/-4) compared to PL (43+/-5); mean difference: 13 (95% CI 1-25).

Conclusions BB exhibited protection against AMP-induced nasal responsiveness during the grass pollen season in sensitized patients. This is turn may explain its potential clinical efficacy in patients with SAR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)882-886
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
Volume33
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

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