Blue phosphorescence from iridium(III) complexes at room temperature

Shih-Chun Lo, Christopher P. Shipley, Raghu N. Bera, Ruth E. Harding, Andrew R. Cowley, Paul L. Burn, Ifor D. W. Samuel

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206 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a new family of homoleptic iridium(III) complexes that emit blue phosphorescence at room temperature. The iridium( III) complexes are comprised of phenyltriazole ligands and were easily prepared via short synthetic routes. The parent fac-tris(1-methyl-5-phenyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolyl)iridium(III) complex exhibits blue photoluminescence (PL) with emission peaks at 449 and 479 nm and has a solution PL quantum yield of 66%. The emission was sequentially blue-shifted by the attachment of one and two fluorine atoms to the ligand phenyl ring with the fac-tris{1-methyl-5-(4,6-difluorophenyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolyl} iridium( III) complex having the 1931 Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage coordinates of (0.16, 0.12) at room temperature. In contrast, when the phenyl ring of the ligands was substituted by trifluoromethyl, the PL spectrum was red-shifted when compared to the parent compound whereas if the trifluoromethyl group was attached to the triazole ring, the emission was blue-shifted. The radiative rates of these new blue iridium( III) complexes were found to be in the range of 2-6 x 105 s(-1), indicating that the emission had varying amounts of metal-to-ligand charge-transfer character. Molecular orbital calculations showed that for the fluorinated complexes the contribution of the ligand triplet character to the emissive energy state increased with the hypsochromic shift in emission. This was confirmed by time-resolved PL measurements, which showed that the complex with the deepest blue emission had the slowest radiative decay rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5119-5129
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2006

Keywords

  • LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES
  • EFFECTIVE CORE POTENTIALS
  • EXCITED-STATE PROPERTIES
  • DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY
  • ELECTROPHOSPHORESCENT DEVICES
  • MOLECULAR CALCULATIONS
  • ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICES
  • EFFICIENT
  • DIODES
  • DENDRIMER

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