Binding of influenza A virus NS1 protein to the inter-SH2 domain of p85β suggests a novel mechanism for PI3K activation

B.G. Hale, I.H. Batty, C.P. Downes, Richard Edward Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Influenza A virus NS1 protein stimulates host-cell phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling by binding to the p85 beta regulatory subunit of PI3K. Here, in an attempt to establish a mechanism for this activation, we report further on the functional interaction between NS1 and p85 beta. Complex formation was found to be independent of NS1 RNA binding activity and is mediated by the C-terminal effector domain of NS1. Intriguingly, the primary direct binding site for NS1 on p85 beta is the inter-SH2 domain, a coiled-coil structure that acts as a scaffold for the p110 catalytic subunit of PI3K. In vitro kinase activity assays, together with protein binding competition studies, reveal that NS1 does not displace p110 from the inter-SH2 domain, and indicate that NS1 can form an active heterotrimeric complex with PI3K. In addition, it was established that residues at the C terminus of the inter-SH2 domain are essential for mediating the interaction between p85 beta and NS1. Equivalent residues in p85 alpha have previously been implicated in the basal inhibition of p110. However, such p85 alpha residues were unable to substitute for those in p85 alpha with regards NS1 binding. Overall, these data suggest a model by which NS1 activates PI3K catalytic activity by masking a normal regulatory element specific to the p85 beta inter-SH2 domain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1372 - 1380
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2008

Keywords

  • P85 REGULATORY SUBUNIT
  • RNA-BINDING
  • PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE
  • CATALYTIC SUBUNIT
  • EFFECTOR DOMAIN
  • INFECTED-CELLS
  • PI 3-KINASE
  • SH2 DOMAINS
  • PATHWAY
  • KINASE

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