Beyond the security paradox: ten criteria for a socially informed security policy

Vincenzo Pavone, Kirstie Ball, Sara Degli Esposti, Sally Dibb, Elvira Santiago Gomez

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    This article investigates the normative and procedural criteria adopted by European citizens to assess the acceptability of surveillance-oriented security technologies. It draws on qualitative data gathered at 12 citizen summits in nine European countries. The analysis identifies 10 criteria, generated by citizens themselves, for a socially informed security policy. These criteria not only reveal the conditions, purposes and operation rules that would make current European security policies and technologies more consistent with citizens’ priorities. They also cast light on an interesting paradox: although people feel safe in their daily lives, they believe security could, and should, be improved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)638-654
    JournalPublic Understanding of Science
    Issue number6
    Early online date10 Apr 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


    • Acceptability
    • Privacy
    • Public participation
    • Security
    • Technology


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