Behavioral responses of terrestrial mammals to COVID-19 lockdowns

Marlee A. Tucker*, Aafke M. Schipper, Tempe S. F. Adams, Nina Attias, Tal Avgar, Natarsha L. Babic, Kristin J. Barker, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Dominik M. Behr, Jerrold L. Belant, Dean E. Beyer, Niels Blaum, J. David Blount, Dirk Bockmühl, Ricardo Luiz Pires Boulhosa, Michael B. Brown, Bayarbaatar Buuveibaatar, Francesca Cagnacci, Justin M. Calabrese, Rok ČerneSimon Chamaillé-Jammes, Aung Nyein Chan, Michael J. Chase, Yannick Chaval, Yvette Chenaux-Ibrahim, Seth G. Cherry, Duško Ćirović, Emrah Çoban, Eric K. Cole, Laura Conlee, Alyson Courtemanch, Gabriele Cozzi, Sarah C. Davidson, Darren DeBloois, Nandintsetseg Dejid, Vickie DeNicola, Arnaud L. J. Desbiez, Iain Douglas-Hamilton, David Drake, Michael Egan, Jasper A.J. Eikelboom, William F. Fagan, Morgan J. Farmer, Julian Fennessy, Shannon P. Finnegan, Christen H. Fleming, Bonnie Fournier, Nicholas L. Fowler, Mariela G. Gantchoff, Alexandre Garnier, Benedikt Gehr, Chris Geremia, Jacob R. Goheen, Morgan L. Hauptfleisch, Mark Hebblewhite, Morten Heim, Anne G. Hertel, Marco Heurich, A. J. Mark Hewison, James Hodson, Nicholas Hoffman, J. Grant C. Hopcraft, Djuro Huber, Edmund J. Isaac, Karolina Janik, Miloš Ježek, Örjan Johansson, Neil R. Jordan, Petra Kaczensky, Douglas N. Kamaru, Matthew J. Kauffman, Todd M. Kautz, Roland Kays, Allicia P. Kelly, Jonas Kindberg, Miha Krofel, Josip Kusak, Clayton T. Lamb, Tayler N. LaSharr, Peter Leimgruber, Horst Leitner, Michael Lierz, John D.C. Linnell, Purevjav Lkhagvaja, Ryan A. Long, José Vicente López-Bao, Matthias-Claudio Loretto, Pascal Marchand, Hans Martin, Lindsay A. Martinez, Roy T. McBride, Ashley A.D. McLaren, Erling Meisingset, Joerg Melzheimer, Evelyn H. Merrill, Arthur D. Middleton, Kevin L. Monteith, Seth A. Moore, Bram Van Moorter, Nicolas Morellet, Thomas Morrison, Rebekka Müller, Atle Mysterud, Michael J Noonan, David O’Connor, Daniel Olson, Kirk A. Olson, Anna C. Ortega, Federico Ossi, Manuela Panzacchi, Robert Patchett, Brent R. Patterson, Rogerio Cunha de Paula, John Payne, Wibke Peters, Tyler R. Petroelje, Benjamin J. Pitcher, Boštjan Pokorny, Kim Poole, Hubert Potočnik, Marie-Pier Poulin, Robert M. Pringle, Herbert H.T. Prins, Nathan Ranc, Slaven Reljić, Benjamin Robb, Ralf Röder, Christer M. Rolandsen, Christian Rutz, Albert R. Salemgareyev, Gustaf Samelius, Heather Sayine-Crawford, Sarah Schooler, Çağan H. Şekercioğlu, Nuria Selva, Paola Semenzato, Agnieszka Sergiel, Koustubh Sharma, Avery L. Shawler, Johannes Signer, Václav Silovský, João Paulo Silva, Richard Simon, Rachel A. Smiley, Douglas W. Smith, Erling J. Solberg, Diego Ellis-Soto, Orr Spiegel, Jared Stabach, Jenna Stacy-Dawes, Daniel R. Stahler, John Stephenson, Cheyenne Stewart, Olav Strand, Peter Sunde, Nathan J. Svoboda, Jonathan Swart, Jeffrey J. Thompson, Katrina L. Toal, Kenneth Uiseb, Meredith C. VanAcker, Marianela Velilla, Tana L. Verzuh, Bettina Wachter, Brittany L. Wagler, Jesse Whittington, Martin Wikelski, Christopher C. Wilmers, George Wittemyer, Julie K. Young, Filip Zięba, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica, Mark A. J. Huijbregts, Thomas Mueller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

COVID-19 lockdowns in early 2020 reduced human mobility, providing an opportunity to disentangle its effects on animals from those of landscape modifications. Using GPS data, we compared movements and road avoidance of 2300 terrestrial mammals (43 species) during the lockdowns to the same period in 2019. Individual responses were variable with no change in average movements or road avoidance behavior, likely due to variable lockdown conditions. However, under strict lockdowns 10-day 95th percentile displacements increased by 73%, suggesting increased landscape permeability. Animals’ 1-hour 95th percentile displacements declined by 12% and animals were 36% closer to roads in areas of high human footprint, indicating reduced avoidance during lockdowns. Overall, lockdowns rapidly altered some spatial behaviors, highlighting variable but substantial impacts of human mobility on wildlife worldwide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1064
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume380
Issue number6649
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2023

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  • Behavioral responses of terrestrial mammals to COVID-19 lockdowns

    Tucker, M. (Creator), Schipper, A. (Creator), Adams, T. (Creator), Attias, N. (Creator), Avgar, T. (Creator), Babic, N. (Creator), Barker, K. (Creator), Bastille-Rousseau, G. (Creator), Behr, D. (Creator), Belant, J. (Creator), Beyer, D. (Creator), Blaum, N. (Creator), Blount, J. D. (Creator), Bockmühl, D. (Creator), Luiz Pires Boulhosa, R. (Creator), Brown, M. (Creator), Buuveibaatar, B. (Creator), Cagnacci, F. (Creator), Calabrese, J. (Creator), Černe, R. (Creator), Chamaillé-Jammes, S. (Creator), Nyein Chan, A. (Creator), Chase, M. (Creator), Chaval, Y. (Creator), Chenaux-Ibrahim, Y. (Creator), Cherry, S. (Creator), Ćirović, D. (Creator), Çoban, E. (Creator), Cole, E. (Creator), Conlee, L. (Creator), Courtemanch, A. (Creator), Cozzi, G. (Creator), Davidson, S. (Creator), DeBloois, D. (Creator), Dejid, N. (Creator), DeNicola, V. (Creator), Desbiez, A. (Creator), Douglas-Hamilton, I. (Creator), Drake, D. (Creator), Egan, M. (Creator), Eikelboom, J. (Creator), Fagen, W. (Creator), Farmer, M. (Creator), Fennessy, J. (Creator), Finnegan, S. (Creator), Fleming, C. (Creator), Fournier, B. (Creator), Fowler, N. (Creator), Gantchoff, M. (Creator), Garnier, A. (Creator), Gehr, B. (Creator), Geremia, C. (Creator), Goheen, J. (Creator), Hauptfleisch, M. (Creator), Hebblewhite, M. (Creator), Heim, M. (Creator), Hertel, A. (Creator), Heurich, M. (Creator), Hewison, A. J. M. (Creator), Hodson, J. (Creator), Hoffman, N. (Creator), Hopcraft, G. (Creator), Huber, D. (Creator), Isaac, E. (Creator), Janik, K. (Creator), Ježek, M. (Creator), Johansson, Ö. (Creator), Jordan, N. (Creator), Kaczensky, P. (Creator), Kamaru, D. (Creator), Kauffman, M. (Creator), Kautz, T. (Creator), Kays, R. (Creator), Kelly, A. (Creator), Kindberg, J. (Creator), Krofel, M. (Creator), Kusak, J. (Creator), Lamb, C. (Creator), LaSharr, T. (Creator), Leimgruber, P. (Creator), Leitner, H. (Creator), Lierz, M. (Creator), Linnell, J. (Creator), Lkhagvaja, P. (Creator), Long, R. (Creator), López-Bao, J. V. (Creator), Loretto, M. (Creator), Marchand, P. (Creator), Martin, H. (Creator), Martinez, L. (Creator), McBride Jr, R. (Creator), McLaren, A. (Creator), Meisingset, E. (Creator), Melzheimer, J. (Creator), Merrill, E. (Creator), Middleton, A. (Creator), Monteith, K. (Creator), Moore, S. (Creator), Van Moorter, B. (Creator), Morellet, N. (Creator), Morrison, T. (Creator), Müller, R. (Creator), Mysterud, A. (Creator), Noonan, M. (Creator), O'Connor, D. (Creator), Olson, D. (Creator), Olson, K. (Creator), Ortega, A. (Creator), Ossi, F. (Creator), Panzacchi, M. (Creator), Pratchett, R. (Creator), Patterson, B. (Creator), Cunha De Paula, R. (Creator), Payne, J. (Creator), Peters, W. (Creator), Petroelje, T. (Creator), Pitcher, B. (Creator), Pokorny, B. (Creator), Poole, K. (Creator), Potočnik, H. (Creator), Poulin, M. (Creator), Pringle, R. (Creator), Prins, H. (Creator), Ranc, N. (Creator), Reljić, S. (Creator), Robb, B. (Creator), Röder, R. (Creator), Rolandsen, C. (Creator), Rutz, C. (Creator), Salemgareyev, A. (Creator), Samelius, G. (Creator), Sayine-Crawford, H. (Creator), Schooler, S. (Creator), Şekercioğlu, Ç. (Creator), Selva, N. (Creator), Samenzato, P. (Creator), Sergiel, A. (Creator), Sharma, K. (Creator), Shawler, A. (Creator), Signer, J. (Creator), Silovský, V. (Creator), Silva, J. P. (Creator), Simon, R. (Creator), Smiley, R. (Creator), Smith, D. (Creator), Solberg, E. (Creator), Ellis-Soto, D. (Creator), Spiegel, O. (Creator), Stabach, J. (Creator), Stacy-Dawes, J. (Creator), Stahler, D. (Creator), Stephenson, J. (Creator), Stewart, C. (Creator), Strand, O. (Creator), Sunde, P. (Creator), Svoboda, N. (Creator), Swart, J. (Creator), Thompson, J. (Creator), Toal, K. (Creator), Uiseb, K. (Creator), VanAcker, M. (Creator), Velilla, M. (Creator), Verzuh, T. (Creator), Wachter, B. (Creator), Whittington, J. (Creator), Wikelski, M. (Creator), Wilmers, C. (Creator), Wittemyer, G. (Creator), Young, J. (Creator), Zięba, F. (Creator), Zwijacz-Kozica, T. (Creator), Huijbregts, M. (Creator) & Mueller, T. (Creator), Dryad, 2022

    Dataset

  • Behavioral responses of terrestrial mammals to COVID-19 lockdowns (code)

    Tucker, M. (Creator), Schipper, A. (Creator), Adams, T. (Creator), Attias, N. (Creator), Avgar, T. (Creator), Babic, N. (Creator), Barker, K. (Creator), Bastille-Rousseau, G. (Creator), Behr, D. (Creator), Belant, J. (Creator), Beyer, D. (Creator), Blaum, N. (Creator), Blount, J. D. (Creator), Bockmühl, D. (Creator), Luiz Pires Boulhosa, R. (Creator), Brown, M. (Creator), Buuveibaatar, B. (Creator), Cagnacci, F. (Creator), Calabrese, J. (Creator), Černe, R. (Creator), Chamaillé-Jammes, S. (Creator), Nyein Chan, A. (Creator), Chase, M. (Creator), Chaval, Y. (Creator), Chenaux-Ibrahim, Y. (Creator), Cherry, S. (Creator), Ćirović, D. (Creator), Çoban, E. (Creator), Cole, E. (Creator), Conlee, L. (Creator), Courtemanch, A. (Creator), Cozzi, G. (Creator), Davidson, S. (Creator), DeBloois, D. (Creator), Dejid, N. (Creator), DeNicola, V. (Creator), Desbiez, A. (Creator), Douglas-Hamilton, I. (Creator), Drake, D. (Creator), Egan, M. (Creator), Eikelboom, J. (Creator), Fagen, W. (Creator), Farmer, M. (Creator), Fennessy, J. (Creator), Finnegan, S. (Creator), Fleming, C. (Creator), Fournier, B. (Creator), Fowler, N. (Creator), Gantchoff, M. (Creator), Garnier, A. (Creator), Gehr, B. (Creator), Geremia, C. (Creator), Goheen, J. (Creator), Hauptfleisch, M. (Creator), Hebblewhite, M. (Creator), Heim, M. (Creator), Hertel, A. (Creator), Heurich, M. (Creator), Hewison, A. J. M. (Creator), Hodson, J. (Creator), Hoffman, N. (Creator), Hopcraft, G. (Creator), Huber, D. (Creator), Isaac, E. (Creator), Janik, K. (Creator), Ježek, M. (Creator), Johansson, Ö. (Creator), Jordan, N. (Creator), Kaczensky, P. (Creator), Kamaru, D. (Creator), Kauffman, M. (Creator), Kautz, T. (Creator), Kays, R. (Creator), Kelly, A. (Creator), Kindberg, J. (Creator), Krofel, M. (Creator), Kusak, J. (Creator), Lamb, C. (Creator), LaSharr, T. (Creator), Leimgruber, P. (Creator), Leitner, H. (Creator), Lierz, M. (Creator), Linnell, J. (Creator), Lkhagvaja, P. (Creator), Long, R. (Creator), López-Bao, J. V. (Creator), Loretto, M. (Creator), Marchand, P. (Creator), Martin, H. (Creator), Martinez, L. (Creator), McBride Jr, R. (Creator), McLaren, A. (Creator), Meisingset, E. (Creator), Melzheimer, J. (Creator), Merrill, E. (Creator), Middleton, A. (Creator), Monteith, K. (Creator), Moore, S. (Creator), Van Moorter, B. (Creator), Morellet, N. (Creator), Morrison, T. (Creator), Müller, R. (Creator), Mysterud, A. (Creator), Noonan, M. (Creator), O'Connor, D. (Creator), Olson, D. (Creator), Olson, K. (Creator), Ortega, A. (Creator), Ossi, F. (Creator), Panzacchi, M. (Creator), Pratchett, R. (Creator), Patterson, B. (Creator), Cunha de Paula, R. (Creator), Payne, J. (Creator), Peters, W. (Creator), Petroelje, T. (Creator), Pitcher, B. (Creator), Pokorny, B. (Creator), Poole, K. (Creator), Potočnik, H. (Creator), Poulin, M. (Creator), Pringle, R. (Creator), Prins, H. (Creator), Ranc, N. (Creator), Reljić, S. (Creator), Robb, B. (Creator), Röder, R. (Creator), Rolandsen, C. (Creator), Rutz, C. (Creator), Salemgareyev, A. (Creator), Samelius, G. (Creator), Sayine-Crawford, H. (Creator), Schooler, S. (Creator), Şekercioğlu, Ç. (Creator), Selva, N. (Creator), Samenzato, P. (Creator), Sergiel, A. (Creator), Sharma, K. (Creator), Shawler, A. (Creator), Signer, J. (Creator), Silovský, V. (Creator), Silva, J. P. (Creator), Simon, R. (Creator), Smiley, R. (Creator), Smith, D. (Creator), Solberg, E. (Creator), Ellis-Soto, D. (Creator), Spiegel, O. (Creator), Stabach, J. (Creator), Stacy-Dawes, J. (Creator), Stahler, D. (Creator), Stephenson, J. (Creator), Stewart, C. (Creator), Strand, O. (Creator), Sunde, P. (Creator), Svoboda, N. (Creator), Swart, J. (Creator), Thompson, J. (Creator), Toal, K. (Creator), Uiseb, K. (Creator), VanAcker, M. (Creator), Velilla, M. (Creator), Verzuh, T. (Creator), Wachter, B. (Creator), Whittington, J. (Creator), Wikelski, M. (Creator), Wilmers, C. (Creator), Wittemyer, G. (Creator), Young, J. (Creator), Zięba, F. (Creator), Zwijacz-Kozica, T. (Creator), Huijbregts, M. (Creator) & Mueller, T. (Creator), Zenodo, 2023

    Dataset: Software

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