“Authoritarianism in the Middle East and North Africa: The trajectories of the MENA republics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter examines the scholarly work on authoritarianism in the Middle East North African republics. In the 1950s–1960s, modernization theory and Weberian analysis explained the instability of the region and state builders attempts to build new authority, which seemed consolidated from the 1970s. Critical political economy distinguished kinds of authoritarianism according to the class composition of the ruling coalition. In the nineties, scholars interrogated whether democratization would reach the region and in the 2000s focused on the resilience of authoritarianism. The Arab uprisings further stimulated debate over the forces for and against the viability of authoritarian rule in the region.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Middle East Politics
EditorsLarbi Sadiki
Place of PublicationAbingdon
PublisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)ISBN: 978-1-315-17068-8 (ebk)
ISBN (Print)ISBN: 978-1-138-04763-1 (hbk)
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Authoritarianism
  • Middle East and North Africa
  • politics


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