Are differing viewpoints amongst key actors influencing implementation of key EU marine environmental policies? Case of strictly protected areas

Saso Gorjanc*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The transboundary nature of marine ecosystems and their more difficult accessibility create challenges for the conceptualisation of effective marine conservation, because of the complexity of the marine functioning and often unclear competences. Marine conservation thus often relies on (international) policies. The EU environmental policies are known for their high ambition levels. Hovever, their implementation has been subpar so far. This study investigates the viewpoints of marine nature, wilderness, and strict protection in the EU seas and whether those help explain why the implementation of EU marine environmental policies has been incoherent and uncoordinated so far. The viewpoints and nature imaginaries were investigated amongst key actors in policy implementation from national to the EU and Regional Sea Convention levels, using policy analysis, diagramming, and Living Q workshops. The results show a variety of divergent viewpoints that frame marine issues in different ways, resulting in different interpretations of common policies and definitions, as well as a variety of policy implementation priorities. The variety of different values associated with marine nature, wilderness, and the role of EU policies is thus likely to influence the way common EU policies will be implemented in the future and by extension their effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-146
Number of pages25
JournalCercetari Marine
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • EU Biodiversity Strategy 2030
  • Strictly protected areas
  • Marine nature
  • Wilderness
  • EU policies

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