Aphorisms and Admonitions: The Reuse of Proverbs in 4QWiles of the Wicked Woman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This essay focuses on the relationship between 4Q184 and Prov 7 specifically. Proverbs 7. It is by no means the only scriptural text evoked by 4Q184. Nonetheless, it deserves special attention because it served as the principal source for 4Q184. Though utilised for different rhetorical purposes, nearly all of the themes and images in 4Q184 were derived from Prov 7. Proverbs 7 provided the stock of aesthetic and argumentative building blocks from which 4Q184 was constructed. In this essay, I will compare and contrast the texts’ poetic and rhetorical attributes, including elements of Prov 7 that are absent in 4Q184. Analysis of the creative and adaptive reuse of Prov 7 is the main focus of the piece. The observations gleaned, I will argue, go further than mere comparison. They shed light on a variety of indeterminacies in 4Q184, suggesting a particular resolution to questions about 4Q184’s rhetorical aim.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Reading Proverbs Intertextually
PublisherBloomsbury T&T Clark
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018

Publication series

NameLibrary of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies
PublisherBloomsbury T & T Clark


  • Intertextuality, interpretation, dead sea scrolls, proverbs, wisdom, 4Q184, 4QWiles of the Wicked Woman, scriptural reuse, lady wisdom, second temple literature


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