Anomalous suppression of the Bose glass at commensurate fillings in the disordered Bose-Hubbard model

Frank Kruger, Frank Krueger, Jiansheng Wu, Philip Phillips

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the weakly disordered Bose-Hubbard model on a cubic lattice through a one-loop renormalization-group analysis of the corresponding effective-field theory which is explicitly derived by combining a strong-coupling expansion with a replica average over the disorder. The method is applied not only to generic uncorrelated on-site disorder but also to simultaneous hopping-disorder correlated with the differences of adjacent disorder potentials. Such correlations are inherent in fine-grained optical speckle potentials used as a source of disorder in optical lattice experiments. As a result of strong coupling, the strength of the replica-mixing disorder vertex, responsible for the emergence of a Bose glass, crucially depends on the chemical potential and the Hubbard repulsion and vanishes to leading order in the disorder at commensurate boson fillings. As a consequence, at such fillings a direct transition between the Mott insulator and the superfluid in the presence of disorder cannot be excluded on the basis of a one-loop calculation. At incommensurate fillings, at a certain length scale, the Mott insulator will eventually become unstable toward the formation of a Bose glass. Phase diagrams as a function of the microscopic parameters are presented and the finite-size crossover between the Mott-insulating state and the Bose glass is analyzed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)094526
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Volume80
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2009

Keywords

  • boson systems
  • chemical potential
  • crystal field interactions
  • glass
  • Hubbard model
  • localised states
  • optical lattices
  • renormalisation
  • superfluidity
  • SUPERFLUID-INSULATOR TRANSITION
  • MOTT INSULATOR
  • 2 DIMENSIONS
  • LOCALIZATION
  • RENORMALIZATION
  • SUPERCONDUCTORS
  • SYSTEMS

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