Analysis of the product streams obtained on butanosolv pretreatment of draff

Flora Foltanyi, Julie E. Hawkins, Isabella Panovic, Eve J. Bird, Tracey Gloster, Christopher S. Lancefield, Nicholas J. Westwood

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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The efficient use of biomass-derived waste streams from the food and drink industry is very important for achieving a circular economy. In this work, a pretreatment based on 1-butanol (butanosolv) was used to fractionate draff, a by-product from the brewing and distilling industries, leading to a solid pulp, a hemicellulose derived-fraction and a pseudo lignin. The pulp was enriched in glucans and showed a 4-fold improvement in enzymatic hydrolysis experiments relative to the starting biomass. The pulp could be fermented in an ABE process producing 32g/100g of solvents. The hemicellulose-derived fraction was analysed by 2D HSQC NMR and found to contain a mixture of predominantly butoxylated monosaccharides. The hydrolase enzymes present in Cellic® CTec3 were used to hydrolyse selectively the glucose and xylose derived butyl β-pyranose monomers. Alternatively, non-selective hydrolysis of both anomers was achieved using TFA/H2O giving native sugars for fermentation and recovered 1-butanol. A detailed characterization of the pseudo lignin was also achieved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105680
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Early online date18 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Sustainable chemistry
  • Biomass
  • Draff
  • ABE fermentation
  • Hemicellulose


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