Analysis of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation by naturally occurring splice variants of TrkC, the receptor for neurotrophin-3

Francis James Gunn-Moore, AG Williams, JM Tavare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TrkC is a receptor tyrosine kinase that binds neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) with high affinity. A number of naturally occurring splice variants of TrkC exist, including one (TrkC.kil4) with a 14 amino acid insertion between subdomains VII and VIII of the tyrosine kinase domain. This kinase insert blocks the ability of NT-3 to stimulate neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells and proliferation in fibroblasts. The inserts also block the ability of TrkC to form a high-affinity complex with She and phospholipase Cy (PLC gamma) and the activation of PtdIns 3-kinase, and attenuates the sustained activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). In the current study we set out to determine whether the attenuation of the activation of MAPK by the insert was the result of the inability of TrkC to activate the Shc-Ras pathway, PtdIns 3-kinase activation, PLC gamma activation, or a combination thereof. Experiments with the use of cell-permeant inhibitors argue against a major role for PLC gamma and PtdIns 3-kinase in the activation of MAPK by TrkC. The introduction of the 14 amino acid kinase insert appeared to slow the kinetics of NT-3-stimulated She phosphorylation and Shc-Grb2 association and reduce their magnitude; an effect which was associated with a delayed, and only transient, activation of MAPK. Taken together, our data suggest that the apparent defect in MAPK activation caused by the kinase insert may result predominantly from an inhibition of high-affinity She binding, although a role for PLC gamma and PtdIns 3-kinase cannot be completely excluded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume322
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 1997

Keywords

  • NERVE-GROWTH-FACTOR
  • GLYCOGEN-SYNTHASE KINASE-3
  • PC12 CELLS
  • SUSTAINED ACTIVATION
  • SIGNALING PATHWAYS
  • TYROSINE KINASE
  • PHORBOL ESTERS
  • RAT TRKC
  • INSULIN
  • PHOSPHORYLATION

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