An analysis of labour adjustment costs in unionized economies

L Modesto, J P Thomas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, we conduct a theoretical analysis of the implications of a union which can exploit the existence of firm labour adjustment costs. We consider a model involving a large number of identical firms facing a single, economy-wide union. We solve (a) for the Markov perfect equilibria with no-commitment, under the assumption that the union chooses wages each period and firms react by choosing employment, and (b) for the commitment equilibria where the union can precommit to the entire (infinite) sequence of wages.

    We conclude that the speed of adjustment of employment, which is higher in the no-commitment case, decreases with adjustment costs in both models. Moreover, adjustment costs affect the long-run values of employment and wages only in the no-commitment case, e.g. the higher the relevance of adjustment costs the higher the wage and therefore the smaller the level of employment in the long-run. Commitment on the part of the union leads to lower wages, and moreover is beneficial to firms as well as to the union. Given that the union would like to commit to a lower path of wages we consider whether reputation building is desirable. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)475-501
    Number of pages27
    JournalIndian Journal of Labour Economics
    Volume8
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2001

    Keywords

    • unions
    • labour cost
    • wages
    • EMPLOYMENT ADJUSTMENT
    • JOB SECURITY
    • REPUTATION
    • DEMAND
    • WAGES
    • GAMES

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