An active-architecture approach to COTS integration

B.C. Warboys, R. Snowdon, R.M. Greenwood, W. Seet, I. Robertson, Ronald Morrison, Dharini Balasubramaniam, Graham Njal Cameron Kirby, K. Mickan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software products are increasingly used as standard components within integrated information systems. This creates challenges since both their developers and source code are not usually available, and the ongoing development of COTS cannot be predicted. The ArchWare Framework approach recognises COTS products as part of the ambient environment of an information system and therefore an important part of development is incorporating COTS as effective system components. This integration of COTS components, and the composition of components, is captured by an active architecture model which changes as the system evolves. Indeed the architecture modelling language used enables it to express the monitoring and evolution of a system. This active architecture model is structured using control system principles. By modelling both integration and evolution it can guide the system’s response to both predicted and emergent changes that arise from the use of COTS products.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Software
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005


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