prs17689966=0.042). Expressional analysis demonstrated that both minor alleles of rs17689918 and rs17689966 significantly decreased CRHR1 mRNA in the forebrain and amygdala. Bioinformatical analysis revealed a high proportion of differential neuro-relevant transcription factor binding possibly underlying expression changes. When investigating the neural correlates underlying this association, risk allele carriers of rs17689918 and rs17689966 showed aberrant differential conditioning and safety signal processing arguing for predominant generalization of fear and hence anxious apprehension. Furthermore, the
minor risk (A) allele of rs17689918 led to less flight behavior during fear provoking situations, but rather increased anxious apprehension and went along with increased anxiety sensitivity. Thus, reduced CRHR1 expression driven by CRHR1 risk allele leads to a phenotype characterized by a fear bias and hence sustained fear. These results strengthen the role of CRHR1 in PD and clarify the mechanisms by which genetic variation in CRHR1 is linked to this disorder.
- Association study
- Panic disorder
- Avoidance test