Alkali metal crystalline polymer electrolytes

Chuhong Zhang, Stephen Gamble, David Ainsworth, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Yuri G. Andreev, Peter George Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymer electrolytes have been studied extensively because uniquely they combine ionic conductivity with solid yet flexible mechanical properties, rendering them important for all-solid-state devices including batteries, electrochromic displays and smart windows(1-3). For some 30 years, ionic conductivity in polymers was considered to occur only in the amorphous state above T-g. Crystalline polymers were believed to be insulators. This changed with the discovery of Li+ conductivity in crystalline poly(ethylene oxide)(6):LiAsF6 (refs 4, 5). However, new crystalline polymer electrolytes have proved elusive, questioning whether the 6: 1 complex has particular structural features making it a unique exception to the rule that only amorphous polymers conduct. Here, we demonstrate that ionic conductivity in crystalline polymers is not unique to the 6: 1 complex by reporting several new crystalline polymer electrolytes containing different alkali metal salts (Na+, K+ and Rb+), including the best conductor poly(ethylene oxide)(8):NaAsF6 discovered so far, with a conductivity 1.5 orders of magnitude higher than poly(ethylene oxide)(6):LiAsF6. These are the first crystalline polymer electrolytes with a different composition and structures to that of the 6: 1 Li+ complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-584
Number of pages5
JournalNature Materials
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • IONIC-CONDUCTIVITY
  • POLY(ETHYLENE OXIDE)
  • MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS
  • SODIUM
  • TRANSPORT
  • COMPLEXES
  • BATTERIES
  • SALTS

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