Alcohol consumption and self‐reported (SF12) physical and mental health among working‐aged men in a typical Russian city: a cross‐sectional study

Agnete S. Dissing, Artyom Gil, Katherine Keenan, Jim McCambridge, Martin McKee, Alexey Oralov, Lyudmila Saburova, David A. Leon

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    Abstract

    Aim:  To investigate the association between patterns of alcohol consumption and self-reported physical and mental health in a population with a high prevalence of hazardous drinking.
    Design:  Cross-sectional study of an age-stratified random sample of a population register.
    Setting:  The city of Izhevsk, The Russian Federation, 2008–09.
    Participants:   A total of 1031 men aged 25–60 years (68% response rate).
    Measurements:  Self-reported health was evaluated with the SF12 physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summaries. Measures of hazardous drinking (based on frequency of adverse effects of alcohol intake including hangover, excessive drunkenness and extended episodes of intoxication lasting 2 or more days) were used in addition to frequency of alcohol consumption and total volume of beverage ethanol per year. Information on smoking and socio-demographic factors were obtained.
    Findings:  Compared with abstainers, those drinking 10–19 litres of beverage ethanol per year had a PCS score 2.66 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.76; 4.56] higher. Hazardous beverage drinking was associated with a lower PCS score [mean diff: −2.95 (95% CI = −5.28; −0.62)] and even more strongly with a lower MCS score [mean diff: −4.29 (95% CI = −6.87; −1.70)] compared to non-hazardous drinkers, with frequent non-beverage alcohol drinking being associated with a particularly low MCS score [−7.23 (95% CI = −11.16; −3.29)]. Adjustment for smoking and socio-demographic factors attenuated these associations slightly, but the same patterns persisted. Adjustment for employment status attenuated the associations with PCS considerably.
    Conclusion:  Compared with abstainers, those drinking 10–19 litres of beverage ethanol per year had a PCS score 2.66 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.76; 4.56] higher. Hazardous beverage drinking was associated with a lower PCS score [mean diff: −2.95 (95% CI = −5.28; −0.62)] and even more strongly with a lower MCS score [mean diff: −4.29 (95% CI = −6.87; −1.70)] compared to non-hazardous drinkers, with frequent non-beverage alcohol drinking being associated with a particularly low MCS score [−7.23 (95% CI = −11.16; −3.29)]. Adjustment for smoking and socio-demographic factors attenuated these associations slightly, but the same patterns persisted. Adjustment for employment status attenuated the associations with PCS considerably.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1905-1914
    Number of pages10
    JournalAddiction
    Volume108
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

    Keywords

    • Alcohol
    • Mental health
    • Physical health
    • Quality of life
    • Russia
    • Self-reported health
    • SF12

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