Adsorption-induced chirality in highly symmetric hydrocarbon molecules: lattice matching to substrates of lower symmetry

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Abstract

For molecules of high symmetry and lateral interactions dominated by van der Waals' interactions, such as some planar aromatic hydrocarbons, there is a preference for hexagonal close packing on adsorption. Optimization of packing by minimization of the interadsorbate spacing may favour correlated rotations of the molecules, which reduces the symmetry and leads to chiral properties in the two-dimensional overlayer. Independently, mapping of the preferred hexagonal packing on to lower symmetry substrates, which provide pseudo-hexagonal lattices, can lead to alternative mirror image lattices. The interaction of these independent chiral phenomena gives rise to diastereoisomerism in the adsorbed array. Coronene and its substituted, larger derivative hexa-tert-butyl hexabenzocoronene adsorbed on copper surfaces provide examples of these phenomena. A new structure is proposed for coronene on Cu{100} while new STM and LEED data are presented for this molecule adsorbed on Cu{110}. Finally, the adsorption of hexa-tertbutyl hexabenzocoronene on Cu{110} is re-examined and the implications of the competition between two, closely related, pseudo-hexagonal lattices are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number395
Number of pages16
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2007

Keywords

  • SCANNING-TUNNELING-MICROSCOPY
  • LAYERED SEMICONDUCTORS
  • CORONENE
  • SURFACES
  • GROWTH
  • ELECTRONICS
  • FILMS
  • LEED
  • STM

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