Actions of amantadine at synaptic and extrasynaptic cholinergic receptors in the central nervous system of the cockroach Periplaneta americana

A. Artola, J. J. Callec, B. Hue, J. A. David, D. B. Sattelle*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of amantadine were investigated on cercal afferent, giant interneurone synapses and on the cell body membrane of the fast coxal depressor motoneurone (Df), in the cockroach Periplaneta americana. Bath-applied amantadine at concentrations above 2.0 × 10-5 M significantly reduced the amplitude of unitary and compound epsps recorded by sucrose-gap methods from cercal afferent, giant interneurone synapses in the desheathed sixth abdominal ganglion. Complete block of synaptic transmission was achieved at 1.0 × 10-3 M amantadine. Synaptic blockade, which was not accompanied by changes in resting potential, was almost fully reversed by washing the ganglion in normal saline. From the dose-dependence of the synaptic blocking action, a Hill coefficient of 0.94 was estimated, indicating that there is no co-operativity in the binding of amantadine to its site of action. Bath-application of amantadine (5.0 × 10-5 M) resulted in a parallel shift to the right of the dose-response curve for the depolarizing postsynaptic actions of acetylcholine. Nevertheless, even at a concentration of 2.0 × 10-3 M, amantadine failed to protect the synaptic acetylcholine receptor/ion channel complex from the blocking action of α-bungarotoxin (5.0 × 10-7 M). In addition, the block by amantadine of the acetylcholine-induced current recorded from the cell body membrane of the fast coxal depressor motoneurone (Df), was strongly dependent on membrane potential in the range - 120mV to - 70mV. An action of amantadine at the open acetylcholine receptor/ion channel complex is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-190
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984

Keywords

  • acetylcholine receptor/ion channel
  • Amantadine
  • cockroach central synapses
  • fast coxal depressor motoneurone (D)
  • oil-gap
  • sucrose-gap
  • voltage-clamp

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