A workflow used to design low density SNP panels for parentage assignment and traceability in aquaculture species and its validation in Atlantic salmon

Luke E. Holman, Daniel Garcia de la Serrana, Aubrie Onoufriou, Borghild Hillestad, Ian A. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Accurate parentage assignment is key for the development of a successful breeding program, allowing pedigree reconstruction from mixed families and control of inbreeding. In the present study we developed a workflow for the design of an efficient single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panel for paternity assignment and validated it in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). A total of 86,468 SNPs were identified from Restriction Site Associated DNA Sequencing (RAD-seq) libraries, and reduced to 1517 following the application of quality control filters and stringent selection criteria. A subsample of SNPs were chosen for the design of high-throughput SNP assays and a training set of known parents and offspring was then used to achieve further filtering. A panel comprising 94 SNPs balanced across the salmon genome were identified, providing 100% assignment accuracy in known pedigrees. Additionally, the panel was able to assign individuals to one of three farmed salmon populations used in this study with 100% accuracy. We conclude that the workflow described is suitable for the design of cost effective parentage assignment and traceability tools for aquaculture species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalAquaculture
Volume476
Early online date4 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • SNP
  • Parentage assignment
  • Atlantic salmon
  • Traceability
  • Pedigree
  • Workflow

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