## Abstract

We consider the system

(x) over dot = ayz + bz + cy, (y) over dot = dzx + ex + fz, (z) over dot = gxy + hy + kx

for real functions x(t), y(t) and z(t), where the overdot denotes differentiation with respect to a time-like independent variable t, and the coefficients a to k are real constants. Such equations arise in mechanical and fluid-dynamical contexts. Depending on parameter values, solutions may exhibit blowup in finite time; or they may be bounded oscillatory, or unbounded, as time t --> infinity. The local shape of the latter unbounded solutions is typically helical, sometimes with and sometimes without a 90degrees bend in the axis of the helix. Complete solutions are obtained in cases where certain coefficients are zero. Other cases are investigated numerically and asymptotically. The numerical solutions reveal an interesting "four-leaf' structure connected to the helical trajectories: this structure largely determines whether these trajectories bend through 90degrees or not, A fluid-dynamical application is discussed in Appendix A. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original language | English |
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Volume | 164 |

Publication status | Published - 15 Apr 2002 |

## Keywords

- three-dimensional dynamical system
- unbounded solutions
- Navier-Stokes equations
- rotating solid body
- 3-WAVE