A tale of three fluids: fluid-inclusion and carbonate clumped-isotope paleothermometry reveals complex dolomitization and dedolomitization history of the Latemar platform

Mathias Mueller , Benjamin Walter, Peter Swart, Niels Jöns, Carl Jacquemyn, Onyedika Anthony Igbokwe, Adrian Immenhauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work focuses on an exceptionally complex natural laboratory, the Triassic Latemar isolated platform in the Dolomite Mountains of northern Italy. It explores spatial and temporal gradients in processes and products related to contact metamorphism, dolomitization, and the dedolomitization of marine limestones. Rock samples were studied using dual fluid-inclusion thermometry and clumped-isotope thermometry. Independent of the spatial position at Latemar, Δ47 clumped-isotope and fluid-inclusion data provide contrasting paleotemperature estimates. An apparent lack of systematic patterns in fluid-inclusion data (homogenization temperature, salinity, density) results from analyses of micrometer-sized growth zones within a single crystal. The composition of the individual fluid inclusions represents a “snapshot” of fluid mixing with variable endmember elemental ratios. The bulk crush-leach data and slopes in Caexcessversus Nadeficit diagrams indicate different water–rock interactions and fluid signatures with evaporation sequences and crystalline rocks. The presence of three fluid types (crystalline basement brine, halite-dissolution brine, seawater) in all carbonates suggests that all fluids coexisted during contact metamorphism and dolomitization of Latemar carbonates. Non-equilibrium processes overruled thermodynamic controls on the precipitation of diagenetic phases. Fluid mixing resulted in the precipitation of two complex carbonate successions. The Δ47 data represent bulk temperatures, averaging the mixing ratio of fluids with different temperatures and their respective volume. Fluid-inclusions record patterns of remarkable complexity and shed light on the complexity of a multi-fluid system. Data shown here provide answers to the controversial interpretation of dolomitizing fluid temperature in the Latemar and exemplify the strengths of multi-proxy paleotemperature studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141–1168
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Sedimentary Research
Volume92
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2022

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