A survey for variable young stars with small telescopes VII. Spot properties on YSOs in IC 5070

Carys Herbert*, Dirk Froebrich*, Aleks Scholz

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We present measurements of spot properties on 31 young stellar objects, based on multi-band data from the HOYS (Hunting Outbursting Young Stars) project. On average the analysis for each object is based on 270 data points during 80 days in at least 3 bands. All the young low-mass stars in our sample show periodic photometric variations. We determine spot temperatures and coverage by comparing the measured photometric amplitudes in optical bands with simulated amplitudes based on atmosphere models, including a complete error propagation. 21 objects in our sample feature cool spots, with spot temperatures 500 – 2500 K below the stellar effective temperature (Teff), and a coverage of 0.05 – 0.4. Six more have hot spots, with temperatures up to 3000 K above Teff and coverage below 0.15. The remaining four stars have ambiguous solutions or are AA Tau-type contaminants. All of the stars with large spots (i.e. high coverage >0.1) are relatively cool with Teff <4500 K, which could be a result of having deeper convection zones. Apart from that, spot properties show no significant trends with rotation period, infrared excess, or stellar properties. Most notably, we find hot spots in stars that do not show K − W2 infrared excess, indicating the possibility of accretion across an inner disk cavity or the presence of plage.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberstac3051
Pages (from-to)5433–5445
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume520
Issue number4
Early online date24 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: pre-main-sequence
  • Stars: star spots
  • Stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
  • Stars: rotation

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