A study of through-space and through-bond JPP coupling in a rigid nonsymmetrical bis(phosphine) and its metal complexes

Brian A. Chalmers, Phillip L. Nejman, Alice V. Llewellyn, Adrian M. Felaar, Ben L. Griffiths, Eden I. Portman, Emma-Jane L. Gordon, Kenny J. H. Fan, J. Derek Woollins, Michael Buehl, Olga L. Malkina, David B. Cordes, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Petr Kilian

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Abstract

A series of representative late d-block metal complexes bearing a rigid bis(phosphine) ligand, iPr2P-Ace- PPh2 (L, Ace = acenaphthene-5,6-diyl), was prepared and fully characterised by various techniques, including multinuclear NMR and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The heteroleptic nature of the peri- substituted ligand L allows for the direct observation of the JPP couplings in the 31P{1H} NMR spectra. Magnitudes of JPP are correlated with the identity and geometry of the metal, and the distortions of the ligand L. The forced overlap of the phosphine lone pairs due to the constraints imposed by the rigid acenaphthene skeleton in L results in large 4JPP of 180 Hz. Sequestration of the lone pairs, either via oxidation of the phosphine, or metal chelation, results in distinct changes in the magnitude of JPP. For tetrahedral d10 complexes ([LMCl2], M = Zn, Cd, Hg), the JPP is comparable or larger (193–309 Hz) to that in free ligand L, although the P···P separation in these complexes is increased by ca. 0.4 Å (compare to free ligand L). The magnitude of JPP diminishes to 26–117 Hz in square planar d8 complexes ([LMX2], M = Ni, Pd, Pt, X = Cl, Br) and octahedral Mo0 complex [LMo(CO)4], 33 Hz). Coupling Deformation Density calculations indicate the through-space interaction dominates in free L, whilst in metal complexes the main coupling pathway is via the metal atom.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3387-3398
Number of pages12
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number6
Early online date8 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2018

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