A space weather tool for identifying eruptive active regions

Paolo Pagano, Duncan Hendry Mackay, Stephanie Louise Yardley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

One of the main goals of solar physics is the timely identification of eruptive active regions. Space missions such as Solar Orbiter or future Space Weather forecasting missions would largely benefit from this achievement.Our aim is to produce a relatively simple technique that can provide real time indications or predictions that an active region will produce an eruption. We expand on the theoretical work of Pagano et al.(2019) that was able to distinguish eruptive from non-eruptive active regions.From this we introduce a new operational metric that uses a combination of observed line-of-sight magnetograms, 3D data-driven simulations and the projection of the 3D simulations forward in time. Results show that the new metric correctly distinguishes active regions as eruptive when observable signatures of eruption have been identified and as non-eruptive when there are no observable signatures of eruption. After successfully distinguishing eruptive from non-eruptive active regions we illustrate how this metric may be used in a “real-time” operational sense were three levels of warning are categorised. These categories are: high risk (red), medium risk (amber) and low risk (green) of eruption. Through considering individual cases we find that the separation into eruptive and non-eruptive active regions is more robust the longer the time series of observed magnetograms used to simulate the build up of magnetic stress and free magnetic energy within the active region. Finally, we conclude that this proof of concept study delivers promising results where the ability to categorise the risk of an eruption is a major achievement.
Original languageEnglish
Article number81
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume886
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Solar active regions
  • Solar coronal mass ejections
  • Space weather
  • Solar magnetic fields
  • Solar active region magnetic fields

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