A quasi-Bayesian local likelihood approach to time varying parameter VAR models

Katerina Petrova

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    29 Citations (Scopus)
    2 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The paper establishes a quasi-Bayesian local likelihood (QBLL) estimation methodology for a multivariate model with time varying parameters. The asymptotic validity of the resulting quasi-posterior distributions of the drifting parameters is proven in general and, in the special case of a Gaussian VAR model, a closed form time varying Normal-Wishart expression for the quasi-posterior distribution of the parameters is provided. In addition, this paper develops several Gibbs algorithms, which can sample from a VAR model with a mixture of time varying and time invariant parameters. The proposed estimators differ from existing state space approaches to VAR models in that they estimate parameter time variation nonparametrically, without imposing parametric stochastic processes on the parameters. The QBLL estimators are robust to misspecification of the state equation and exhibit good finite sample performance, even when compared to correctly specified parametric state space models, as illustrated by a Monte Carlo exercise. In addition, we demonstrate that the QBLL approach provides a remedy to the ‘curse of dimensionality’ by accommodating large dimensional VAR systems and delivers improvements in the out-of-sample forecasts of key macroeconomic variables. Finally, the paper makes an empirical contribution to the literature on changing inflation dynamics in the U.S., presenting evidence of a fall in inflation persistence and volatility during the Great Moderation period.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)286-306
    JournalJournal of Econometrics
    Volume212
    Issue number1
    Early online date13 Apr 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

    Keywords

    • Time varying parameters
    • Changing volatility
    • Monetary policy
    • Bayesian methods

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