A probabilistic model of Ancient Egyptian writing

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This article offers a formalization of how signs form words in Ancient Egyptian writing, for either hieroglyphic or hieratic texts. The formalization is in terms of a sequence of sign functions, which concurrently produce a sequence of signs and a sequence of phonemes. By involving a class of probabilistic automata, we can define the most likely sequence of sign functions that relates a given sequence of signs to a given sequence of phonemes. Experiments with two texts are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-163
JournalJournal of Language Modelling
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017


  • Ancient Egyptian
  • Writing systems
  • Language models


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