A post-processing technique to remove background noise from echo-integration data

JL Watkins, Andrew Stuart Brierley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


Echo integration of biological organisms with a low target strength can be difficult because of the problem of setting suitable pre-integration thresholds, and this is particularly acute with higher frequencies, such as 120 or 200 kHz, which are often used in studies of euphausiids. One solution is to integrate data without any threshold and then remove background noise during post-processing. Unthresholded, integrated data of micronekton and Euphausia superba collected with a SIMRAD EK500 at frequencies of 38 and 120 kHz are presented. The underlying background noise level follows a 20 log R + 2 alpha R relationship, which can be scaled to the minimum volume backscatter (Sv) in each layer during a transect and then subtracted from the entire data set to remove background noise. The utility of this procedure is demonstrated by making comparisons of Sv at each frequency and investigating the effect of noise removal on the identification of targets based on the dB difference (120 kHz Sv-38 kHz Sv). (C) 1996 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-344
Number of pages6
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1996


  • echo integration
  • noise removal
  • threshold


Dive into the research topics of 'A post-processing technique to remove background noise from echo-integration data'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this