A multiple-micronutrient-fortified beverage affects hemoglobin, iron, and vitamin A status and growth in adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh

S M Ziauddin Hyder, Farhana Haseen, Marufa Khan, Tom Schaetzel, Chowdhury S B Jalal, Mizanur Rahman, Bo Lönnerdal, Venkatesh Mannar, Haile Mehansho

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43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adolescent girls have high nutrient needs and are susceptible to micronutrient deficiencies. The objective of this study was to test the effect of a multiple-micronutrient-fortified beverage on hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations, micronutrient status, and growth among adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh. A total of 1125 girls (Hb > or = 70 g/L) enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and were allocated to either a fortified or nonfortified beverage of similar taste and appearance. The beverage was provided at schools 6 d/wk for 12 mo. Concentrations of Hb and serum ferritin (sFt), retinol, zinc, and C-reactive protein were measured in venous blood samples at baseline, 6 mo, and 12 mo. In addition, weight, height, and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurements were taken. The fortified beverage increased the Hb and sFt and retinol concentrations at 6 mo (P <0.01). Adolescent girls in the nonfortified beverage group were more likely to suffer from anemia (Hb
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2147-2153
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume137
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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