A density functional study of the C-13 NMR chemical shifts in functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes

Eva Zurek, Chris J. Pickard, Jochen Autschbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The C-13 NMR chemical shifts for functionalized (7,0), (8,0), (9,0), and (10,0) single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) have been studied computationally using gauge-including projector-augmented plane-wave (GIPAW) density functional theory (DFT). The functional groups NH, NCH3, NCH2OH, and CH2-NHCH2 have been considered, and different sites where covalent addition or substitution may occur have been examined. The shifts of the carbons directly attached to the group are sensitive to the bond which has been functionalized and may, therefore, be used to identify whether the group has reacted with a parallel or a diagonal C-C bond. The addition of NH to a parallel bond renders the functionalized carbons formally sp(3)-hybridized, yielding shifts of around 44 ppm, independent of the SWNT radius. Reaction with a diagonal bond retains the formal sp(2) hybridization of the substituted carbons, and their shifts are slightly lower or higher than those of the unsubstituted carbon atoms. The calculated H-1 NMR shifts of protons in the functional groups are also dependent upon the SWNT-group interaction. Upon decreasing the degree of functionalization for the systems where the group is added to a parallel bond, the average chemical shift of the unfunctionalized carbons approaches that of the pristine tube. At the same time, the shifts of the functionalized carbons remain independent upon the degree of functionalization. For the SWNTs where N-R attaches to a parallel bond, the average shift of the sp(2) carbons was found to be insensitive to the substituent R. Moreover, the shifts of the functionalized sp(3) carbons, as well as of the carbons within the group itself, are independent of the SWNT radius. The results indicate that a wealth of knowledge may be obtained from the C-13 NMR of functionalized SWNTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4430-4439
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2007

Keywords

  • NUCLEAR-MAGNETIC-RESONANCE
  • GENERALIZED GRADIENT APPROXIMATION
  • ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES
  • AB-INITIO
  • ADSORPTION
  • DELIVERY
  • CASTEP
  • DNA

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