A crystal-chemical framework for relaxor versus normal ferroelectric behavior in tetragonal tungsten bronzes

X. Zhu, M. Fu, M. C. Stennett, P. M. Vilarinho, I. Levin, C. A. Randall, Jonathan Gardner, F. D. Morrison, I. M. Reaney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

156 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Tetragonal Tungsten Bronzes (TTBs) - an important class of oxides known to exhibit ferroelectricity - undergo complex distortions, including rotations of oxygen octahedra, which give rise to either incommensurately or commensurately modulated superstructures. Many TTBs display broad, frequency-dependent relaxor dielectric behaviour rather than sharper frequency-independent normal ferroelectric anomalies but the exact reasons that favor a particular type of dielectric response for a given composition remain unclear. In this contribution the influence of incommensurate/commensurate displacive modulations on the onset of relaxor/ferroelectric behaviour in TTBs is assessed in the context of basic crystal-chemical factors, such as positional disorder, ionic radii and polarizabilities, and point defects. We present a predictive crystal-chemical model that rationalizes composition-structure-properties relations for a broad range of TTB systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3250-3261
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume27
Issue number9
Early online date9 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2015

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