A Cromerian Complex stalagmite from the Mendip Hills, England

A Baker, C J Caseldine, J Hatton, Chris Hawkesworth, A G Latham

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    7 Citations (Scopus)


    In order to provide a better chronological constraint on a British Middle Pleistocene interglacial, a large stalagmite boss from the Mendip Hills was selected for palaeoclimate data using pollen analysis. Dating analyses by thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (TIMS) of uranium-thorium ratios and by magnetostratigraphy constrain the age of the sample to 450-780 ka. The isotopic consistency of the TIMS analyses, plus the presence of luminescence laminations, suggest that the sample has been preserved under closed-system conditions. Pollen assemblages have been recovered from the speleothems, despite the fact that the pH of calcite deposition is usually greater than 7. Furthermore the evidence presented here indicates that the pollen was probably transported by the speleothem feedwater, rather than entering the cave aerially. The pollen record contained within the stalagmite is interpreted as early-mid-interglacial but does not have clear Cromerian affinity. (C) 1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)533-537
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1997


    • stalagmite
    • pollen
    • Cromerian Complex
    • uranium series
    • palaeomagnetism
    • EUROPE
    • CAVE


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