A comparison of three measures of estimating pre-morbid intellectual level in dementia of the Alzheimer type

R Law, Ronan Edward O'Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Estimation of premorbid intellectual function is becoming increasingly recognized as a crucial component of neuropsychological assessment in both research and clinical practice. Estimation based on accuracy of pronunciation of irregular words via the National Adult Reading Test (NART) has become popular. However, alternative methods have recently been developed, including the Cambridge Contextual Reading Test (CCRT) and the Spot-the-Word Test (STW). In the present study, the three methods were compared in 21 elderly patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), relative to a large sample of healthy controls. Performance on all three measures was relatively unaffected by DAT, and in the controls, both the NART and the CCRT correlated relatively well with current verbal intelligence. However, the correlation between the STW and current verbal intelligence was disappointingly low. The DAT subjects showed a significantly greater improvement in performance (relative to controls) when the irregular words were placed in context (meaningful sentences). The results suggest that the CCRT may provide the fairest estimate of premorbid verbal intelligence in DAT. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-730
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998

Keywords

  • NART
  • CCRT
  • STW
  • premorbid
  • intelligence
  • dementia
  • cognitive
  • assessment
  • neuropsychology
  • CONTEXTUAL READING TEST
  • SPOT-THE-WORD
  • DISEASE
  • OLDER

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