A Coherent Three-Dimensional Fermi Surface in a High-Transition-Temperature Superconductor

NE Hussey, M Abdel-Jawad, A Carrington, Andrew Peter Mackenzie, L Balicas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

242 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All conventional metals are known to possess a three-dimensional Fermi surface, which is the locus in reciprocal space of the long-lived electronic excitations that govern their electronic properties at low temperatures. These excitations should have well-defined momenta with components in all three dimensions. The high-transition-temperature (high-T-c) copper oxide superconductors have unusual, highly two-dimensional properties above the superconducting transition(1). This, coupled with a lack of unambiguous evidence for a three-dimensional Fermi surface, has led to many new and exotic models for the underlying electronic ground state(2). Here we report the observation of polar angular magnetoresistance oscillations(3) in the overdoped superconductor Tl2Ba2CuO6+delta in high magnetic fields, which firmly establishes the existence of a coherent three-dimensional Fermi surface. Analysis of the oscillations reveals that at certain symmetry points, however, this surface is strictly two-dimensional. This striking form of the Fermi surface topography, long-predicted by electronic band structure calculations(4), provides a natural explanation for a wide range of anisotropic properties both in the normal(5,6) and superconducting states(7-9). Our data reveal that, despite their extreme electrical anisotropy, the high-T-c materials at high doping levels can be understood within a framework of conventional three-dimensional metal physics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-817
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume425
Issue number6960
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2003

Keywords

  • ANGULAR MAGNETORESISTANCE OSCILLATIONS
  • NORMAL-STATE MAGNETOTRANSPORT
  • CUPRATE SUPERCONDUCTORS
  • TL2BA2CUO6
  • TRANSPORT
  • DEPENDENCE
  • FIELD
  • SPECTRA
  • VORTEX

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